The Doctrine of the Mean 5. Finding the mean in any given situation is not a mechanical or thoughtless procedure, but requires a full and detailed acquaintance with the circumstances. Furthermore, Aristotle nowhere announces, in the remainder of Book VI, that we have achieved the greater degree of accuracy that he seems to be looking for.
All free males are born with the potential to become ethically virtuous and practically wise, but to achieve these goals they must go through two stages: But Aristotle gives pride of place to the appetite for pleasure as the passion that undermines reason.
Alternate Readings of Aristotle on Akrasia 8. A standard or measure Aristotle essay on friendship something that settles disputes; and because good people are so skilled at discovering the mean in difficult cases, their advice must be sought and heeded. Acting for the sake of another does not in itself demand self-sacrifice.
The arithmetic mean between 10 and 2 is 6, and this is so invariably, whatever is being counted. I am tempted to help myself to two segments and do so, thus succumbing to temptation and even conceivably but why necessarily?
Aristotle found that several people believed that there is only one kind of friendship.
Like the akratic, an enkratic person experiences a feeling that is contrary to reason; but unlike the akratic, he acts in accordance with reason. Earlier in the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle argued that human beings are political by nature. Aristotle argues that the only thing that should be valued higher than honour and justice is love, which is a product of virtuous friendship.
He is convinced that the loss of this private sphere would greatly detract from a well-lived life, but he is hard put to explain why. If one lived in a community filled with good people, and cooperated on an occasional basis with each of them, in a spirit of good will and admiration, would that not provide sufficient scope for virtuous activity and a well-lived life?
As well, Aristotle believes that it is through friendship that cities are held together. But if practical reasoning is correct only if it begins from a correct premise, what is it that insures the correctness of its starting point?
But another part of us—feeling or emotion—has a more limited field of reasoning—and sometimes it does not even make use of it. This feature of ethical theory is not unique; Aristotle thinks it applies to many crafts, such as medicine and navigation a7— He needs to discuss honor, wealth, pleasure, and friendship in order to show how these goods, properly understood, can be seen as resources that serve the higher goal of virtuous activity.
The most insignificant, and short-lived level of friendship is a friendship based solely on utility, basically a friendship based on convenience.
If, for example, one is trying to decide how much to spend on a wedding present, one is looking for an amount that is neither excessive nor deficient. He points to the fact that those who are rulers and have a great deal of power have a great need for friends.Aristotle on Friendship Friendship is undoubtedly one of the most important elements in the books of Aristotle's ethical principles.
Aristotle takes the idea of friendship to a serious degree. In book VIII of Aristotle’s The Nicomachean Ethics (; a6 – a30), the notion of ‘The Three Kinds of Friendship’ (Philia) is expressed.
Holding that there are three basic kinds or species of friendship that bind us together expressing that in respect to each there exists a mutual and recognised love. According to Aristotle, it is difficult to,be virtuous if you aren't in the habit of being virtuous. He notes that if you aren't virtuous, vice is a source of pleasure, but if you are virtuous, vice is a source of pain.
Aristotle understood the importance of friendship, books VIII and IX of the Nicomachean Ethics deal solely with friendship. A modern day definition of a friend can be defined as "one joined to another in intimacy and mutual benevolence independently of sexual or family love"/5(6).
Praxis, Vol. 3, No. 2, Winter /13 ISSN 1 IS ARISTOTLE RIGHT ABOUT FRIENDSHIP?
RYAN DAWSON BIRKBECK COLLEGE, LONDON Abstract This paper will evaluate whether Aristotle’s discussion of friendship in the. Aristotle's View on Friendship This Essay Aristotle's View on Friendship and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on ultimedescente.com Autor: review • January 5, • Essay • 1, Words (6 Pages) • 1, Views4/4(1).Download